Blood in your urine is the the most common symptom of bladder cancer. It can be obvious when clearly visible to the eye (when your urine is bright red, rusty or pink) but sometimes it can be invisible and can only be found by your doctor by testing a sample of your urine. Blood in your urine is also a symptom of many less serious medical conditions so further tests will be needed to make a diagnosis.
- Urinary infections that don’t respond to antibiotics.
- Pain when urinating
- Needing to urinate frequently
- Abdominal pain
- Weight loss
- Lower back pain
Smoking is the by far the largest preventable cause of bladder cancer, so, if you haven’t given up yet, do it now. Even at this stage, it can massively help your recovery. Other risk factors include certain genetic conditions, urinary infections, kidney and bladder stones, and some chemicals at work. In some cases we can't identify the cause, because not enough is known about the disease.
Different types of bladder cancer
Non-muscle invasive bladder cancer can be called ‘early-stage bladder cancer’ – this is when the cancer is found to be limited to the bladder surface and hasn’t spread elsewhere. Muscle invasive bladder cancer is when the cancer has spread deeper into the bladder itself, or even through the wall of the bladder into adjoining organs. Cancer that has spread to other parts of the body is called metastatic bladder cancer.
Basic bladder cancer information
Bladder cancer glossary
Bladder cancer diagnostic tests
Bladder cancer treatments
Bladder cancer types, stages, and grades
Dealing with emotions
Talking about bladder cancer with your loved ones
Australia: Bladder Cancer Australia
Canada: Bladder Cancer Canada
Finland: Syöpäjärjestöt (Finland Cancer Society)
France: Les Zuros: cancer de la vessie (bladder cancer support group)
Germany: BlasenKrebs (Bladder Cancer)
Greece: Ελληνική Ομοσπονδία Καρκίνου (Hellenic Cancer Federation)
Italy: Pazienti Liberi dalle Neoplasie Uroteliali (People free from bladder cancer)
Netherlands: Leven met blaas- of nierkanker (Living with bladder or kidney cancer)
Norway: Blærekreftforeningen (Bladder Cancer Society)
Poland: Polska Koalicja Pacjentów Onkologicznych (Polish Coalition of People with Cancer) and Let’s Win Health Foundation
Spain: Grupo Español de Pacientes con Cáncer (Spanish Group of People with Cancer)
Turkey: Kanser Savascilari (Cancer Survivors Organisation)
UK: Fight Bladder Cancer and Action Bladder Cancer
USA: Bladder Cancer Advocacy Network
The European Cancer Patient Coalition’s bladder cancer activities are supported by: